How are oysters farmed – and what’s the effect on subaqueous soils?

These days, oyster aquaculture is stirring up the conventional definition of agriculture. But exactly how does one grow a crop of oysters? More specifically, how are soils involved in this underwater process? Let’s start by outlining a few key concepts. “Aquaculture” is the farming of aquatic plants and/or animals for food. Oyster aquaculture has a … Continue reading How are oysters farmed – and what’s the effect on subaqueous soils?

How did soil salinity affect ancient civilizations?

Irrigation is a common farming practice, several thousand years old. It is an effort to add water to crops when rainfall is not enough to grow those crops. A North American group called the Hohokam lived 600-1600 years ago in the Lower Salt River valley in Arizona. They are well-known for their irrigation engineering. The … Continue reading How did soil salinity affect ancient civilizations?

How are soil microbes affected by fertilizer in soils?

There isn’t a simple answer to this complex question – but my research hopes to shed some light on this important subject. The key to answering this question starts with understanding that all soils, microbes, and fertilizers are unique. Different farms – or even areas within a farm – may have different situations. Interactions between … Continue reading How are soil microbes affected by fertilizer in soils?

Ten things we can do to manage phosphorus better!

Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of Phosphorus’ Discovery! Did you ever wonder why your home and garden fertilizer has specific ratios of nutrients? Well, the story goes back even further – to the discovery of those elements! Phosphorus is one of the main “ingredients” for healthy plant growth. This year, 2019, is the 350th anniversary of … Continue reading Ten things we can do to manage phosphorus better!

What are the challenges regarding phosphorus use?

Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of Phosphorus’ Discovery! Did you ever wonder why your home and garden fertilizer has specific ratios of nutrients? Well, the story goes back even further – to the discovery of those elements! Phosphorus is one of the main “ingredients” for healthy plant growth. This year, 2019, is the 350th anniversary of … Continue reading What are the challenges regarding phosphorus use?

What are sources of phosphorus for crops?

Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of Phosphorus’ Discovery! Did you ever wonder why your home and garden fertilizer has specific ratios of nutrients? Well, the story goes back even further – to the discovery of those elements! Phosphorus is one of the main “ingredients” for healthy plant growth. This year, 2019, is the 350th anniversary of … Continue reading What are sources of phosphorus for crops?

Why is phosphorus needed on farms?

Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of Phosphorus’ Discovery! Did you ever wonder why your home and garden fertilizer has specific ratios of nutrients? Well, the story goes back even further – to the discovery of those elements! Phosphorus is one of the main “ingredients” for healthy plant growth. This year, 2019, is the 350th anniversary of … Continue reading Why is phosphorus needed on farms?

The discovery and general uses of phosphorus

Celebrating the 350th Anniversary of Phosphorus’ Discovery! Did you ever wonder why your home and garden fertilizer has specific ratios of nutrients? Well, the story goes back even further – to the discovery of those elements! Phosphorus is one of the main “ingredients” for healthy plant growth. This year, 2019, is the 350th anniversary of … Continue reading The discovery and general uses of phosphorus

What are soil aggregates?

The ground beneath your feet might seem like a uniform material, but it’s really a mixture of soil particles, organic matter, and other mineral/organic components. For a soil to be healthy, it must have good structure. Soil is made up of a combination of primary particles - sand, silt and clay. These particles can be … Continue reading What are soil aggregates?

What is biofumigation and the connection to soil health?

Back in 2012, while working for Cornell Cooperative Extension, I was facing a conundrum. Much of the east coast had experienced widespread floodwaters in 2011, after Hurricane Irene and Tropical Storm Lee. These storms greatly affected valley farmlands with major flooding. These wet conditions spread a nasty, tenacious soil-borne fungal pathogen that produces a crop … Continue reading What is biofumigation and the connection to soil health?